According to mental_floss –
Ten years before Americans set foot on the moon, the USSR intentionally crashed their Luna 2 probe into the lunar surface. It was the first human object to reach the moon. It also provided a simple but important scientific finding: the moon has no magnetic field. This crash-slash-success happened on September 13, 1959.
Beyond that science mission, Luna 2 carried a political payload. Inside the probe was a ball made up of pentagonal Soviet pennants, each a little steel plate engraved with “USSR January 1959” (the former two words rendered in Cyrillic script) and the USSR Coat of Arms. The ball had an explosive charge inside, which went off upon landing. This, in theory, allowed the pennants to break apart and litter the moon’s surface around Mare Imbrium (the landing site). When Khrushchev visited the US, he gave Eisenhower some replica pennants.
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From TheVerge –
This little moonlet is thought to be about 20 miles wide, and it’s located in a 200-mile-wide gap in Saturn’s rings known as the Encke Gap. In fact, Pan is known as a shepherd moon, meaning it moves ring particles around during its orbit and actually keeps the Encke Gap “open.” That bulge around the moon is thought to be material from Saturn’s rings that Pan has collected during its trip around the planet.
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Published February 17, 2017
Tags: astronomy, Astrophysics, Lunar Calendar, Lunar Clock, LunarClock, NASA, science, space exploration, Sweden, timekeeping
LunarClock.org have devised a clock and calendar for the moon. Apparently, this was necessary because of the moon’s rotation and length of day is different than the Earth’s (or something like that). Anyway, the site’s FAQ gives some explanation.
1. What is the Lunar Calendar and why do I need one?
The Lunar Calendar is designed to be used by colonists of the Moon, and it differs from the one we use here on Earth. Unless you live on the Moon, you don’t really need one, but you can support the idea anyway. Who, knows? Perhaps you will live on the Moon in the future, or your children might. You can read the details on how this calendar works.
Visit LunarClock.org and check current lunar time.